The role of the spiritual traditions
The main role of spiritual traditions is to help the humanity to walk the path of self-realization. The goal is to help the person to become a mature, free and full-realized individual.
The first human who attained enlightenment or full-realization was Enoch, who was the founder of the first school of the soul. He was the first that reach enlightenment and he returned to teach and instruct every person who wants to do the spiritual journey.
Other spiritually advanced human beings have also walked this path and have left traces for the spiritual seekers of later generations. The work of these extraordinary humans have helped the foundation of spiritual traditions, which are divided into lines, schools and groups.
The different types of spiritual traditions
All spiritual traditions arise from the same source, although they adapt in their form to the culture of each civilization. Therefore, the principle of all traditions are the same but that the form in which these principles are expressed is different.
There are three basic types of spiritual traditions.
Action: For example, the Hatha Yoga. Through a series of physical practices the student tries to stop the movements of the mind and live a mystical experience.
Devotion: The way of the heart. They develop devotional practices linked to the heart. Sometimes there are silence practice or sometimes they recite poems or spiritual mantras. Dervishes could be considered part of a devotional tradition.
Contemplation: Linked to thought and reflection. They use metaphysical diagrams to represent the absolute and the manifested worlds. The purpose is to help the student to understand the forces and patterns of the manifestation and go beyond.
The Jewish school of contemplation in Medieval Spain
There were many study groups of contemplation in medieval times in Spain. They were linked to the Jewish mystical Tradition called Kabbalah. The main character of the book "The Calling" enters in a school of Kabbalah in Toledo during the 13th century. In fact there is a Kabbalah Toledano Tradition, that has been transmitted from generation to generation in from medieval times to the present day.
In Spain there were great kabbalists like Ibn Gabirol, Moses of Leon, Nahmanides, Ibn Ezra, Chicatilla, Abulafia ... In many cities there were groups of study where the tradition was transmitted. They used to meet in private houses and they used the Tree of Life as the main reference for the Teaching.